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Visitor 1548673822 posted an answer
10 months, 7 days ago

Thermology tell us that the quantity of exchanged heat (Q) is equal to the mass (m) multiplied by the specific heat of a substance (c) multiplied by the variation in temperature (T): Q = m.c.?T. Furthermore, it says that heat capacity is Q/T, and therefore, m.c. Heat capacity, however, relates to a specific object, since it considers mass, whereas specific heat relates to the substance in general. Therefore, it is more correct to refer to specific heat in this case.

Water has a specific heat of 1 cal/g.°C which means that there is a 1 °C per gram change in its temperature per every addition or subtraction of 1 cal of energy. This is a very high value (for example, the specific heat of ethanol is 0.58 cal/g°C, and mercury, a metal, has a specific heat of 0.033 cal/g°C), which makes water an excellent thermal protector against temperature variations. Even if sudden external temperature changes occur, the internal biological conditions are kept stable in organisms containing enough water.

High specific heat is one of the most properties of water.
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