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What have been some of the wider consequences of the Rwandan Genocide?

asked : 10 months, 14 days ago History (Ancient and Modern)

Visitor 1548671150 posted an answer
10 months, 14 days ago

The flight of Rwanda's Hutu fighters over the border and into the Congolese forest has fed instability in Congo.

Rwanda first invaded Congo in 1996, attacking refugee camps that served as havens for ethnic Hutu officials and militias who orchestrated the genocide. Congo's government ordered Rwandan troops to leave in 1998, but Rwanda invaded again days later, propping up a new Congolese rebel group at the start of Congo's 1998-2002 war, a conflict that drew in a half-dozen African nations.

Clashes in eastern Congo that intensified in August have driven more than 250,000 people from their homes. Laurent Nkunda, a Tutsi and former general who quit Congo's army in 2004 to launch a rebellion, contends he is fighting to protect the region's ethnic Tutsis from Hutu militias.

Critics, however, say Nkunda is more interested in power and the country's mineral wealth.

A U.N. Security Council panel said earlier this month that Rwanda and Congo are fighting a proxy war, with Rwanda helping ethnic Tutsi rebels fight the Congolese government and Congo collaborating with ethnic Hutu rebels and other forces against Rwanda.

Rwanda's legacy continues to shadow debates about what should be done to prevent such horrors. The United Nations and former President Clinton have apologized for failing to intervene. When the genocide began, there were about 2,500 U.N. troops in Kigali, but they were never given a mandate to stop the killing.
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