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What were the effects of the Maji. Maji uprising?

asked : 10 months, 9 days ago General History

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Visitor 1548669753 posted an answer
10 months, 9 days ago

Just like any other rebellion in east Africa the !maji maji fighters were defeated

Many people lost their lives its estimated that 75000 people were killed during the suppression of the rebellion

As a result of the killing there was heavy depopulation in the southern Tanganyika

There was massive destruction of property settlements villages were burnt down cotton farms uprooted and building demolished

A period of famine set in because !any people had neglected farming and many crops were destroyed in the scorched earth policy of the Germans

Africans lost trust in the traditional leaders,religion and medicine men .they learnt that bullets cannot be defeated NY just mere water

There was the displacement of the African especially in the south and many were forced out of their land

The movement and unnecessary mixing of people resulted into the spread of diseases like dysentery and small pox

The rebellion was a source of inspiration for future nationalists like Julius nyerere and Oscar kambona .they learnt a lot from the mistakes of the rebellion and tried to a void them in future

Africans realized the superiority of the Germans after being defeated with their magic water

They also learnt that fighting cannot solve each and everything hence they sought other means like negotiation and diplomacy in an effort to regain their independence

Africans who collaborated with the German were rewarded they became rich and influential after the uprising

Economic activities like agriculture and trade came to a stand still in southern Tanganyika because of the constants fights

Many people were crippled in the war campaigns and others forced into exile especially to Mozambique

The Germans also learnt from the rebellion forcing them to change in their administration eg the governor was sacked and replaced by a new one called von Reichenberg

The new governor carried out a number of political reforms for example he sacked the harsh akidas and the jumbes also abolished corporal punishments

Economic reforms were also instituted forced demands by the settlers were controlled taxes relaxed and mistreatment of the Africans was punishable

African were encouraged to grow cash crops on their own individual plots rather than on a communal basis seeds and !market were provided

African were to be given priority I’m everything and no longer taken for granted as was the case before

The new governor also instituted social reforms and improved health services

As far as education was concerned Africans were encouraged to go to school and scholarships were given to promising students

The rebellious areas were put under military leaders to keep a close eye on Africans so to avoid the above

The rebellion marked the establishment of the German colonial rule in Tanganyika. This was done under the excuse of rule of law.
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